A measure designed to provide information on the comparative fertility of different populations, most commonly used in demographic analysis. A number of different calculations of varying sophistication may be used. The most well-known-the ‘crude birth-rate’-is simply the number of live births in a year per 1,000 population (using mid-year estimates). This measure takes no account of the age-structure of populations, which affects the numbers of women who are capable of giving birth in any year (the ‘population at risk’), and does not therefore yield particularly accurate comparisons. Multiplying the crude birth-rate by Area Comparability Factors produces rates adjusted for age and sex differences, allowing comparisons to be made between geographical areas, or across social groups within a society. The ‘general fertility rate’ is the birth-rate per thousand women of child-bearing age, calculated as the number of live births divided by the female population aged 15-44 years, times 1,000. These more sophisticated birth-rates take account of factors such as age-structure, but the more sophisticated the measure, the more data about the population are required for its calculation.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • birth rate — birth rates also birth rate N COUNT The birth rate in a place is the number of babies born there for every 1000 people during a particular period of time. The UK has the highest birth rate among 15 to 19 year olds in Western Europe. ...a falling… …   English dictionary

  • birth rate — birth ,rate noun count the officially recorded number of births in a particular year or place: a steep decline in the birth rate …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • birth rate — birth rate. См. рождаемость. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • birth rate — ► NOUN ▪ the number of live births per thousand of population per year …   English terms dictionary

  • Birth rate — Countries by birth rate in 2008 Not to be confused with Fertility rate. Crude birth rate is the nativity or childbirths per 1,000 people per year (in estimation review points).[1] Another word used interchangeably with birth rate is natality …   Wikipedia

  • birth rate — noun the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year • Syn: ↑birthrate, ↑fertility, ↑fertility rate, ↑natality • Hypernyms: ↑rate * * * birth rate noun The propo …   Useful english dictionary

  • Birth rate — The birth rate is usually given as the number of live births divided by the average population (or the population at midyear). This is termed the crude birth rate. In 1995, for example, the crude birth rate per 1,000 population was 14 in the… …   Medical dictionary

  • birth rate — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms birth rate : singular birth rate plural birth rates the officially recorded number of births in a particular year or place a steep decline in the birth rate …   English dictionary

  • birth-rate — n. 1) a falling; high; low; rising; stable birth rate 2) the crude birth rate …   Combinatory dictionary

  • birth rate — the number of live births occurring in a year per 1000 total population (the crude birth rate). See: fertility rate …   The new mediacal dictionary

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